What can cause infertility in women?

Female infertility can stem from a multitude of factors such as hormonal imbalances, ovarian issues like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), uterine abnormalities, fallopian tube blockages, and endometriosis. Age plays a significant role due to declining egg quality. Lifestyle factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, stress, and obesity also contribute. Additionally, autoimmune disorders and genetic factors can impact fertility. Diagnosis through medical evaluation is crucial for identifying the root causes and pursuing appropriate treatments like medications, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies.