What exactly is multiple sclerosis? | Dr. Amit Shah Neurology Clinic | Best Neurologist in Mumbai

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a long-term (chronic) central nervous system disease. It is assumed to be an autoimmune disease, a condition in which the body accidentally attacks itself. MS is an unpredictable illness that affects various individuals in different ways. Some persons with MS may only have minor symptoms. When connection between the brain and other parts of the body is disturbed, others may lose their ability to see clearly, write, talk, or move.
Myelin is a fatty protein that covers and protects nerve fibers. The immune system assaults the myelin in MS, causing it to be damaged in numerous locations. This loss of myelin results in scar tissue known as sclerosis. These regions are also referred to as plaques or lesions. When nerves are injured in this manner, they are unable to carry electrical signals to and from the brain properly.
When MS produces recurrent episodes, the condition is known as relapsing remitting MS. Primary progressive MS occurs when symptoms grow over time without identifiable episodes.
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